Email: kaudullasafari@gmail.com | Call: (+94) 0776487757

 

BIRDS OF SRI LANKA

Sri Lanka is a birder’s paradise. A tropical island in the Indian Ocean situated 10 degrees north of the equator, boasting of diverse and favourable climatic conditions and natural habitats such as forests, scrublands, grasslands, wetlands, seas and agricultural lands. The country is home to 439 species of birds of which 236 are breeding residents, 203 migrants and the rest vagrants. For a country as small as Sri Lanka having 33 endemic species and 68 endemic subspecies of birds with a species endemism of 11% goes to demonstrate why Sri Lanka is one of the finest birding destinations in the world. This includes endemics such as Fowls, Pigeons, Parrots, Parakeets, Malkoha, Coucal, Owl, Owlet, Hornbill, Barbet, Magpie, Bulbul, Warbler, Babbler, Thrush, White-eye, Mynah, Starling, Flycatcher, Flowerpecker, Pigeon, Barbet, Flameback, Woodshrike, Drongo and Swallow.

In addition there are close to 200 seasonal migratory birds both terrestrial and aquatic, moving away from the Northern winter travelling from as far as Siberia, Scandinavia and Western Europe, arriving around August /September and leaving around April/May. Since Sri Lanka is situated at the farthest southern point away from the south of India with no other landmass until the South Pole, the migrating birds end their long journey in Sri Lanka, making it a regular wintering ground. Some of the migrants include the Openbill, Ibis, Heron, Egrets, Pelicans, Comorant, Water-cock, Swamphen, Waterhen, Stilts, Duck and Grebe.

The main bird sanctuary in Sri Lanka is the Kumana National Park which is considered one of the most important nesting and breeding grounds in Sri Lanka. The Bundala national Park situated in the southernmost tip of the bird migratory route is a favourite birding ground where flocks of flamingos, herons and storks are a regular sight. The other places are the Kalametiya Bird Sanctuary, Sinharaja Rain Forest, Bodinagala Forest Reserve, Peak Wilderness Sanctuary, Kitulgala Forest Reserve, Yala, Wilpattu, Udawalawe, Wasgamuwa, Minneriya and Horton Plains National Parks in addition to numerous tanks, reservoirs, lagoons, marshes, lakes and rivers.

Bird Watching Tours

BIRD WATCHING IN SIGIRIYA & HABARANA

ENDEMIC BIRDS OF SRI LANKA

LAYARD’S PARAKEET

CHESTNUT-BACKED OWLET

SRI LANKA SWALLOW

YELLOW-EARED BULBUL

DULL-BLUE FLYCATCHER

SRI LANKA RUFOUS BABBLER

SRI LANKA HILL WHITE-EYE

SRI LANKA BLUE-MAGPIE

YELLOW-FRONTED BARBET

SRI LANKA JUNGLEFOWL

SRI LANKA LORIKEET

SRI LANKA GREY HORNBILL

BLACK-CAPPED BULBUL

SPOTTED-WINGED THRUSH

SRI LANKA WOOD SHRIKE

BROWN-CAPPED BABBLER

SRI LANKA HILL MYNA

SRI LANKA WHISTLING THRUSH

SRI LANKA SMALL BARBET

SRI LANKA SPURFOWL

SRI LANKA SCIMITAR BABBLER

LEGGE’S FLOWERPECKER

SRI LANKA WOOD PIGEON

CRIMSON-BACKED WOODPECKER

GREEN-BILLED COUCAL

POMPADOUR GREEN PIGEON

SRI LANKA SCALY THRUSH

SRI LANKA CRESTED DRONGO

SERENDIB SCOPS OWL

RED-FACED MALKOHA

WHITE-FACED STARLING