Kaudulla National Park

November 14, 2017 kaudulla safari No comments exist

Kaudulla National Park

Kaudulla National Park is located 182 km away from Colombo in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka. The major cities closest to Kaudulla National Park is Habarana and Polonnaruwa.

The renovated vast ancient Minneriya Rainwater Reservoir that irrigates the considerable area of the district of Polonnaruwa is the focal point of the Kaudulla National Park.

Being part of the elephant corridor which joins up with Kaudulla and Wasgamuwa National Parks, Minneriya National Park gives the opportunity to see herds of Elephants throughout the year. May to October is the best period to visit Kaudulla National Park in view of the World famous Great Elephant Gathering of the Asian wild elephants.

 

The weather and Physical features of Kaudulla National Park

The area is situated in dry zone of Sri Lanka and receives an average rainfall of 1,500–2,000 millimetres (59–79 in).  The lowest temperature and highest of the park are 20.6 °C (69.1 °F) and 34.5 °C (94.1 °F) respectively. The main sources of water for the tank are a diversion of Amban River and Elahera canal. The wet season lasts during the north eastern monsoon from October to January and from May to September considered as the dry season. The main habitats of Kaudulla are of several types, including low-canopy montane forests, intermediate high-canopy secondary forests, scrublands, abandoned chena lands, grasslands, rocky outcrops, and wetlands.

Living Beings of Kaudulla National Park

Kaudulla National Park‘s faunal species include 24 species of mammals, 160 species of birds, 9 species of amphibians, 25 species of reptiles, 26 species of fish, and 75 species of butterflies

 

Great Elephant Gathering at Kaudulla National Park
Great Elephant Gathering at Kaudulla National Park

Kaudulla National Park is one of the largest known meeting place of Asian Elephants in the world. During this period herds up to 350 elephants are seen at the 8,890 hectare park within a few square kilometers of the Kaudulla Reservoir. Some reports account number of elephants to as high as 700. In August and September each year during the dry season, wild elephants migrates from Wasgamuwa National Park to Minneriya National Park, then to Kaudulla National Park for search of food and shelter. Tourists visit Kaudulla National Park largely because of elephants, especially in dry season.

Other Animals in Kaudulla National Park

The park is an important habitat for the two endemic monkeys of Sri Lanka: purple-faced langur and toque macaque. Large herbivorous mammals such as Sri Lankan sambar deer and Sri Lankan axis deer frequent the park. Rare and endangered species such as Sri Lankan leopard and Sri Lankan sloth bear inhabit in Kaudulla. Kaudulla is one of the areas where the gray slender loris is reportedly found in Sri Lanka.

Birds at Kaudulla National Park

The Kaudulla reservoir is an important habitat for large water birds such as lesser adjutant, painted stork, and spot-billed pelican. Kaudulla is a dormitory for many resident as well as migrant bird species. Flocks of 2000 little cormorants have been reported. Great white pelican, ruddy turnstone, and grey heron are the other water birds here. Among the endemic birds are Sri Lanka jungle fowl, Sri Lanka hanging parrot, brown-capped babbler, Sri Lanka grey hornbill, black-crested bulbul and crimson-fronted barbet. The number of threatened birds recorded from this national park is 11.

Amphibians & Reptiles at Kaudulla National Park

Among the nine species of Amphibians at Kaudulla National Park are the endemic and endangered Slender Wood Frog and the Common Tree Frog. Of the 25 species of reptiles recorded in the park 8 are endemic including the Red-lipped Lizard. Water and Land Monitors are also seen here. The Mugger Crocodile can be seen near the tank. Many species of fresh water fish are found in the Kaudulla reservoir.

 

Accommodation at Kaudulla National Park

Kaudulla National Park has accommodation facilities within nearby. ‘Menik Sorowwa Bungalow’ is one of inside adjutant to park, it can book via wild life department. Also the cities close to Kaudulla National Park- Minneriya & Habarana, Sigiriya, Polonnaruwa and Giritale- are full with luxury hotels and lodges.

 

Vegetation at Minneriya Kaudulla Park

The vegetation of the park consists of tropical dry mixed evergreen forests, abandoned chena lands, grasslands and wetlands. The open grasslands and old chena lands are dominated by the many species of small shrub.

 

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Kaudulla National Park

July 31, 2017 kaudulla safari

Kaudulla National Park

Kaudulla National Park is a national park on the island of Sri Lanka located 197 kilometres (240 mi) away from the largest city, Colombo. It was designated a national park on April 1, 2002 becoming the 15th such area on the island. In the 2004–2005 season more than 10,000 people visited the National Park, generating an income of Rs.100,000 from entrance fees. Along with Minneriya and Girithale BirdLife International have identified Kaudulla as an Important Bird Area.

Historically Kaudulla was one of the 16 irrigation tanks built by King Mahasen. Following a period of abandonment it was reconstructed in 1959. It now attracts and supports a variety of plant and animal life, including large mammals, fish and reptiles.

Fauna:

The faunal species recorded in the park include 24 species of mammals, 25 species of reptiles, 26 species of fish, and 160 species of bird.

In the drought period Sri Lankan elephants move to the Minneriya tank to drink and feed. Around the month of September the elephants move to the Kaudulla tank in search of more water and food.Despite the escalating human-elephant conflict, the number of elephants increased in the dry zone and 211 individuals have been counted in Kaudulla as recently as 2008.

Sri Lankan sambar deer, Sri Lankan axis deer, chevrotain, wild boar, Sri Lankan leopard, and sloth bear are other mammals found in the park. Kaudulla National Park is also one of the sites in which the gray slender loris is reportedly found in Sri Lanka. Following the discovery of a two-month-old albino Sri Lankan axis deer calf abandoned by her mother, it is supposed that Kaudulla is probably the only national park in Sri Lanka to have albino axis deer.

Large water birds such as spot-billed pelican and lesser adjutant visit the Kaudulla tank. Fish species in the tank include the freshwater Oreochromis mossambicus. Fejervarya pulla is an endemic amphibian to Sri Lanka that inhabits the National Park. Freshwater turtles, Indian flap-shelled turtle and Indian black turtle are the noteworthy reptiles.

 

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